Like the human race, proper methods and processes of dealing with dead animals have been written in law for a number of reasons. An instance is the Office of Environmental Public Health of the Oregon Public Health Division which suggested measures to be taken in disposing dead animal corpses especially during flood recover.
One major reason perhaps is the hygiene concerns for all livestock production operations of both large and small livestock farms and slaughter houses. Proper disposal methods for animal carcasses are highly important owing to potential for disease transfer to humans and different animals, in addition to the pollution of soil, air and ground water.
Composting is the most commonplace way of disposing dead livestock perhaps owing to its long proven viability. Although, this method is not suggested for other herd or flock disposal cases. As mentioned above, laws and ordinances have been created to guide people on the best management practices in disposing dead livestock.
Burial is an advisable option only for few of animal carcasses. Although, carcasses has to be buried as shortly after death as possible. For some law, burial sites are suggested to be at least 100 feet inside your own property lines. Also, burial site has to be in well drained soils and no nearby streams, surface waters, wells, springs, or other water supply facilities within 100 feet of the burial site has to be ensured. The burial site has to be at least two feet above the highest groundwater elevation.
Burial sites should be selected to ensure that surface water and groundwater aquifers are not hydraulically attached to the burial site. It should be not less than 6 feet deep with a minimum of 30 ins of soil cover. In addition, carcasses should be covered with agricultural lime.
Composting is like incineration. It should be done with special care to avoid serious trouble during composting. For some governments, composting may require permission from the state’s environmental agency.
In composting dead livestock, a particular mixture of materials is done. For the underlying layer, an assortment of hay, manure and bedding with moisture content between 40 to 50 % is advisable. Odor is kept to a minimum by ensuring the covering material has carbon sources like straw, sawdust or hay. To avoid gas buildup and possible explosion, it is advisable to puncture the rumen on cattle.
After putting the carcass, cover the pit with at least 2 feet of the identical manure mixture underneath the carcass. You can contribute carcasses anytime but ought to be placed about 4 feet apart. Pile must heat up for proper composting. Colder temperature ranges retard the process. Therefore, one may decide to increase the temperature in a few ways. Approximately five to six months a grown-up carcass will compost when left untouched.
Burning is less likely permitted but in some areas under certain circumstances, it is. Logically, burning dead livestock needs permission from specific government agencies. This procedure has to be done carefully. Fundamental to burning dead livestock are effective burning process and supplemental fuel.