Horses are one of the most costly livestock animals raised by farmers especially during nowadays. That is probably because horses can serve varied purposes from farm assistance, to ship, to recreational and gambling pursuits.
Through the years, mankind has always treated them with utmost importance. Horses have been highly regarded as animals; thus, the measures in raising them are far better and more tedious than the techniques in raising cattle, sheep, and other livestock animals.
Horses have different needs than other animals. Their shelters ought to be appropriately constructed, they ought to be fed with the right mix of food, and they ought to be presented ample space to move around. It is also imperative that horse raisers allocate a broad acreage where the animals can freely run.
Perhaps, breeding horses is one task that is so involved. If you are planning to start the initiative, make sure you are well furnished with the necessary knowledge about the correct way of assisting their reproduction process.
Otherwise, you can hire professional horse breeders who readily would render needed services for the effort. Breeding horses requires much investment as actually raising the adult ones. There are lots of factors to be considered and lots of expenses to undertake.
Before beginning to breed, you should first pick the best candidates from among your stable of horses to be the mare, or the future mum of foals. There are lots of considerations that ought to be stared at when deciding the mare.
First, the lady-horse has to be physically healthy. There are ideal body weight and height that would help ensure that a mare is the perfect candidate for the initiative. Second, the reproductive health of the mare should likewise be ensured.
Finding the stallion
When the ideal mare candidate is picked out, it makes sense that there ought to be an equally perfect stallion. Stallions are the male horses that would mate with the mare to create offspring. Likewise to choosing the mare, the stallion should likewise be healthy enough to make sure the foals to be produced would be in good strength.
The stallion has to be at the right and recommended age when it mates with the mare so the genes and seminal condition would be ideal for reproduction. Some horse owners allow colts to test out mating with mares, but often, these actions result to unimpressive quality of foals.
Age is an essential factor when thinking about the perfect candidates for horse breeding. In mares, fillies, or young female horses can begin the cycle of reproduction when they reach the age of 18 months. They can give deliver foals when they reach at least two years.
As for colts, or young male horses, they can mate with any female horse whenever they develop the instinct to do so. Yet, when colts are considered to be young stallions, they ought to be assisted by professional breeders to guide them on proper positioning to shoot their sperm perfectly into where it ought to be.
Pregnancy of the mare
Mares carry the foals inside their womb for about 11 months, or roughly 340 days. Yet, as for the fillies and the colts, pregnancy duration can vary. It is a well- known fact that the mare would almost always deliver the filly on time. Quite the opposite, if the foal is a colt, the pregnancy is normally and typically extended for a few more days.
Interestingly, mares can also carry foals inside their wombs for about 3 to 4 weeks from their due date for foal delivery. If the pregnancy lasts extended than that, seek proper veterinary or expert help. For premature foals, they can still survive under intensive care after a 310-day gestation period. That is similar to human baby’s incubator period for premature infants.
Looking after a the pregnant mare
The fetal development of foal is briskest during the last three months of the pregnancy period of the mare. It is suggested that during this period, the horse breeder should see to it that the mare would take in ample food rich in protein for better fetal development.
Specialists say that pregnant mares can nevertheless be ridden during the first six months of pregnancy, Beyond that, leave the mare freely so it can move around and relieve itself whenever it feels soreness because of pregnancy. If you aim to create healthy generations of this livestock, be sure to follow such rules of thumb.