The choice of facility type primarily involves a balancing of capital investment, labor requirement, and management expertise. Animal and worker welfare are primary concerns for producers, no matter the kind of facilities selected. The key to good pig care rests more on the producer’s power to correctly manage housing than it does on the specific type of housing than it does on the specific type of housing provided. Using existing facilities is one method a small operation can produce pork economically. An old dairy barn or machine shed with a concrete floor is a good place to start. Whatever the facility, housing must supply adequate space for each.
For farrowing a sow, use an A-frame or portable hut in the pasture. Single housing units provide isolation for farrowing and the capability to move to clean ground or pasture in the warmer months of the year. Sandy pasture soil makes this system work, as the water drains through the soil in place of creating mud holes. Farrowing in the cold months needs heat lamps or mats for the newborn pigs. Deep-bedded straw and a corner hover can provide piglets the chance to get faraway from their mom so they do not get laid on and crushed.
Temperature is essential for pig survival, so pigs may need supplemental heat in winter. The optimal temperature varies founded on the age of the pigs: 80°F-85°F for piglets, 70°F-75°F for just weaned pigs, 60°F-70°F for grow finisher pigs, and 60°F for sows and boars.
Finishing pigs will keep a sleeping area clean if they have enough room to dung in a drafty area y the water source and if feed is obtainable in a self-feeder faraway from drafts. Be sure to give enough waterers fro the number and size of pigs.