Livestock submits to domesticated animals reared in an agricultural setting to manufacture products like food, fibre, or labor. The word “livestock” includes poultry or farmed fish; even so the enclosure of these, especially poultry, within the significance of “livestock” is regular.
Livestock in general are raised for survival or for revenue. Raising animals is called animal husbandry and it is an important part of modern agriculture. It has been practiced in lot of cultures as the changeover to farming from hunter-gather lifestyles.
Raising animals has its origins in the shifting of cultures to settled farmers instead of hunter-gatherer lifestyles. Animals are ‘domesticated’ when their breeding and living conditions are controlled by humans. Over the course of time, the collective behavior, life cycle, and physiology of livestock have changed radically. Many modern stock are unsuited to life in the wild. Dogs were domesticated in East Asia about 15,000 years ago, Goats and sheep were domesticated around 8000 BCE in Asia. Swine or pigs were domesticated by 7000 BCE in the Middle East and China. The earliest evidence of horse domestication dates to around 4000 BCE.
Older English sources, like the King James Version of the Bible, consult with livestock generally as “cattle”, in place of the term “deer”, which then was employed for wild animals which weren’t owned. The word cattle hails from Middle English chatel, which meant all sorts of movable personal property, including naturally livestock, which was differentiated from non-movable real-estate. In later English, occasionally smaller livestock was called “small cattle” in that sense of movable property on land, which wasn’t automatically bought or sold with the land. Today, the modern definition on “cattle”, without a qualifier, usually relates to domesticated bovines. Other types of the genus Bos occasionally are called wild cattle.
The expression “livestock” is vague and might be defined narrowly or broadly. On a broader view, livestock relates to any breed or population of animal kept by humans for a helpful, commercial purpose. This can mean stock, semi- stock, or captive wild animals. Semi-domesticated relates to animals which are just gently domesticated or of disputed status. These populations can also be in the process of domestication. Some individuals possibly use the term livestock to mention just to stock or even just to bloody meat animals.
The matter of raising livestock for people’s benefit raises the problem of the bond between humans and animals, relating to the rank of animals and obligations of individuals. Animal welfare is the viewpoint that animals under human care should be treated in such a way that they don’t suffer unnecessarily.
What is ‘unnecessary’ suffering may vary. By and large, though, the animal welfare perspective is founded on an interpretation of scientific research on farming practices. By contrast, animal rights are the viewpoint that using animals for human benefit is, by its nature, in general exploitation, despite the farming practices used. Animal rights activists would in general be vegan or vegetarian, whereas it is per the animal welfare perspective to eat meat, depending on production processes.